Can A Life Insurance Company Deny Paying A Death Claim
Life Insurance Companies Can Deny Paying Death Claim If There Is Fraud
In some situations the life insurance policyholder can deny paying a claim, often times if there is fraud involved. For example, if the policyholder knew they suffered from a terminal illness but did not disclose that knowledge to the insurance company, then they committed fraud and the policy is subject to cancellation. Fraud or misrepresentation can be a gray area for the insurance company, but there are conditions which must be met in order for there to be a denial of claim.
Fraud can sometimes be easy or difficult to define and depends on being caught during a specific time period during which the company is obligated to pay a death benefit.
This time limit is listed in the policy, and if the fraud is discovered after that time has elapsed, the insurance company is required by law to honor the death benefits claim.
Denying Claim Due To Contestability Period
Except for certain circumstances, life insurance companies must pay the death benefits when a claim is filed. Example, if the deceased suffered from a degenerative disease but did not tell the insurance company, and the contestability period is 2 years, then the insurance company must discover the illness before two years passes, or they lose the right to deny the claim. Some policies may contain wording that extends the contestability period or completely eliminates it for some illnesses, but these fall under the category of exceptions and must be written into the policy. This means that unless the policy states that the insurance company can cancel the policy for certain things indefinitely, the company only has the period of time equal to the contestability period or they must pay the claim. The problem, though, is that the misrepresentation must be discovered within a well-defined period of time, called the contestability period.
Denying Paying Life Insurance Claim Due To Exclusions
Exclusions are part of the contract and can be referred to as needed to understand the circumstances under which the company does not have to pay. Exclusions cannot be implied or hidden, so the policy must directly note the exclusions, and reviewing the policy will likely explain what those exclusions are. For example, the policy might state that the policy is void if the insured person dies while operating a boat or motorcycle. Those circumstances, in a majority of cases. Other exclusions might be part of a standard policy from the underwriting company, such as excluding suicide, meaning that the company does not have to honor the policy if the deceased killed themselves. Exclusions can actually be negotiated into the policy in order to reduce the premiums.